A paragraph is a short collection of well-organized sentences which revolve around a single theme and is coherent. A good paragraph expresses everything it has to say briefly.
A complete paragraph expresses everything without leaving any gaps as far as the information is concerned. It does not end abruptly without offering a sensible conclusion.
What is a Paragraph?
A paragraph is a short collection of well-organized sentences which revolve around a single theme and is coherent. Different types of paragraphs are as follows:
- Descriptive Paragraph
- Narrative Paragraph
- Expository Paragraph
- Persuasive Paragraph
Types of Paragraphs #1
As the name suggests, through the Descriptive Paragraph, the writer describes something to the reader. It may be based on what the writer has seen, heard, or felt. The writer uses rich descriptions that appeal to the reader‟s senses. This helps the reader place himself in a world that the writer creates.
Example of Descriptive Paragraph #1
Hermes: The Messenger of Gods
Hermes is a Greek Olympian, God. Born to Zeus and Maia, Hermes is known for his quick thinking and cunning nature. He is the youngest of the Olympians and is known to move quickly between the worlds of the divine and the mortal. Because of this ability, Hermes often acts as a messenger between men and the Olympians. A benevolent God, Hermes protects travellers and athletes. He is also known to be mischievous as he often plays tricks on other gods. He does it for his own amusement or in a bid to save humans from the gods‟ wrath. Hermes is also the speediest of all gods since he has wings attached to his sandals. Interestingly, Hermes could never resist the urge to steal even when he was an infant. Therefore, he is also credited as the patron God of all thieves.
Example of Descriptive Paragraph #2
Out of the gravel, there are peonies growing. They come up through the loose grey pebbles, their buds testing the air like snails’ eyes, then swelling and opening, huge dark-red flowers all shining and glossy like satin. Then they burst and fall to the ground. In the one instant, before they come apart, they are like the peonies in the front garden at Mr Kinnear’s, that first day, only those were white. Nancy was cutting them. She wore a pale dress with pink rosebuds and a triple-flounced skirt, and a straw bonnet that hid her face. She carried a flat basket, to put the flowers in; she bent from the hips like a lady, holding her waist straight. When she heard us and turned to look, she put her hand up to her throat as if startled.
__From Alias Grace by Margaret Atwood
Types of Paragraphs #2
This type of paragraph tells a story or an incident to the reader. In other words, it simply narrates a tale that is meaningful. Such paragraphs often follow a linear or chronological order of narration.
Example of Narrative Paragraph #1
What a lark! What a plunge! For so it had always seemed to her when with a little squeak of the hinges, which she could hear now, she had burst open the French windows and plunged at Bourton into the open air. How fresh, how calm, stiller than this, of course, the air was in the early morning; like the flap of a wave; the kiss of a wave; chill and sharp and yet (for a girl of eighteen as she then was) solemn, feeling as she did, standing there at the open window, that something awful was about to happen; looking at the flowers, at the trees with the smoke winding off them and the rooks rising, falling; standing, and looking until Peter Walsh said, “Musing among the vegetables?” – was that it? – “I prefer men to cauliflowers” – was that it? He must have said it at breakfast one morning when she had gone out onto the terrace – Peter Walsh.
_____From “Mrs. Dalloway” by Virginia Woolf.
Example of Narrative Paragraph #2
Mr Bucket was the only person in the family with a job. He worked in a toothpaste factory, where he sat all day long on a bench and screwed the little caps onto the tops of the tubes of toothpaste after the tubes had been filled. But a toothpaste cap-screwer is never paid very much money, and poor Mr Bucket, however hard he worked, and however fast he screwed on the caps, was never able to make enough to buy one-half of the things that so large a family needed. There wasn’t even enough money to buy proper food for them all. The only meals they could afford were bread and margarine for breakfast, boiled potatoes and cabbage for lunch, and cabbage soup for supper. Sundays were a bit better. They all looked forward to Sundays because then, although they had exactly the same, everyone was allowed a second helping.
____From Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl
Types of Paragraphs #3
This type of paragraph explains an instruction, a method, or a process. The purpose of such a paragraph is to simply explain something to the reader. Often, the writer of such paragraphs does a lot of research on the topics he or she wishes to explain. The writer uses expository paragraphs to share the knowledge that he or she already has with the readers.
Example of Expository Paragraph #1
Why do Atoms Explode when they are Split?
Atoms of radioactive elements can be split. According to Albert Einstein, mass and energy are interchangeable under certain conditions. When the atom splits, the process is called nuclear fission. In this case, a tiny amount of mass is converted into energy. The energy thus released cannot do much damage. However, a number of subatomic particles called neutrons are also released during this process. Each neutron will hit a radioactive element releasing more neutrons in the process. This results in a chain reaction and a tremendous amount of energy is created. This energy is converted into heat which expands uncontrollably causing an explosion. Hence, atoms do not explode in the literal sense. They create energy that can cause explosions.
Example of Expository Paragraph #2
Everybody knows that paper is made out of trees. But when one looks at trees, one cannot imagine something as soft and fragile as paper is made out of something that is so hard and strong. Plant matter such as wood is made of fibres known as cellulose. It is the primary ingredient in papermaking. Raw wood is first converted into a pulp consisting of a mixture of
cellulose, lignin, water, and some chemicals. The pulp can be made mechanically through grinders or through a chemical process. The short fibres are created through mechanical grinding. The paper thus created is weak and is used for making newspapers, magazines, and phonebooks. Through the chemical pulping process, stronger varieties of paper are made. The cellulose pulp is sprayed on moving conveyor screens to make mats. These mats are then dried, coloured, and cut according to the requirement.
Types of Paragraphs #4
This type of paragraph is used to capture the reader‟s interest or to make them understand and accept the writer‟s point of view. Persuasive paragraphs are useful for building arguments. Such passages are rhetorical in nature and may use facts and details to make the argument stronger and more believable. The writer has to be confident in his or her opinion to sound credible to readers. The aim of the writer is to influence the beliefs of readers.
Example of Persuasive Paragraph #1
The Importance of Breakfast
You may already know that it is important to have a king-sized breakfast every morning. Do you know why? Your body is famished in the morning because you haven’t eaten for about 8–10 hours. Breakfast is therefore the first meal of the day, and hence, the most important one as well. Imagine driving a car without fuel; this is exactly how your body feels without the fuel provided by a nutritious breakfast. Many people these days resort to skipping breakfast in a bid to lose weight. Nutritionists are appalled by this trend since it is mandatory to have breakfast within two hours of waking up. Depriving the body of energy can cause serious health problems in the long run. Forget silly celebrities and their inane ways to lose weight. Never ever miss breakfast!
Example of Persuasive Paragraph #2
Power of Positive Thinking
Positive thinking is an attitude or mindset characterized by optimism and happiness. A positive person hopes for the best and anticipates success in his life. Although many may scoff at the idea of always being positive, it has a plethora of benefits not only for the mind but also for the body. Positivity imparts happiness to the soul and makes one lighter. This causes us to exude goodwill and joy. People are drawn toward such individuals. Being negative in one‟swords and actions causes the exact opposite reaction. It is a known fact that people try to avoid people who relay negativity. They do not want to be around someone who brings down the energy of the room. Positive feedback to yourself can improve your health and increase your chances of success in life. It is advisable that one refrains from using harsh words in their thoughts or words. Be kind and gentle towards yourself, be encouraging, and be comforting. Only then can one achieve everything one wants in life.
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