A paragraph is a short collection of well-organized sentences which revolve around a single theme and is coherent. A good paragraph expresses everything it has to say briefly.
A complete paragraph expresses everything without leaving any gaps as far as the information is concerned. It does not end abruptly without offering a sensible conclusion.
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What is a Paragraph?
A paragraph is a short collection of well-organized sentences that revolve around a single theme and are coherent. The different types of paragraphs are as follows:
- Descriptive Paragraph
- Narrative Paragraph
- Expository Paragraph
- Persuasive Paragraph
Types of Paragraphs #1
As the name suggests, through descriptive paragraphs the writer describes something to the reader. It may be based on what the writer has seen, heard or experienced. The author uses rich descriptions that appeal to the reader’s senses. It helps the reader place himself in a world that the author creates.
Example of Descriptive Paragraph #1
Hermes: The Messenger of Gods
Hermes is a Greek Olympian, god. Born to Zeus and Maya, Hermes is known for his quick thinking and cunning nature. He is the youngest of the Olympians and known for moving quickly between the divine and mortal worlds. Because of this power, Hermes often acted as a messenger between the men and the Olympians. A benevolent god, Hermes protects travellers and athletes. He is also known as mischievous as he often plays tricks on other gods. He does this for his own amusement or to save people from the wrath of the gods. Hermes is also the fastest of all the gods because he has wings with his sandals. Interestingly, even when Hermes was a child he could not resist the urge to steal. Therefore, he is also credited as the patron god of all thieves.
Example of Descriptive Paragraph #2
Out of the gravel, there are peonies growing. They come up through the loose grey pebbles, their buds testing the air like snails’ eyes, then swelling and opening, huge dark-red flowers all shining and glossy like satin. Then they burst and fall to the ground. In the one instant, before they come apart, they are like the peonies in the front garden at Mr Kinnear’s, that first day, only those were white. Nancy was cutting them. She wore a pale dress with pink rosebuds and a triple-flounced skirt, and a straw bonnet that hid her face. She carried a flat basket, to put the flowers in; she bent from the hips like a lady, holding her waist straight. When she heard us and turned to look, she put her hand up to her throat as if startled.
__From Alias Grace by Margaret Atwood
Types of Paragraphs #2
This type of paragraph tells a story or an incident to the reader. In other words, it simply narrates a tale that is meaningful. Such paragraphs often follow a linear or chronological order of narration.
Example of Narrative Paragraph #1
What a lark! What a plunge! For so it had always seemed to her when with a little squeak of the hinges, which she could hear now, she had burst open the French windows and plunged at Bourton into the open air. How fresh, how calm, stiller than this, of course, the air was in the early morning; like the flap of a wave; the kiss of a wave; chill and sharp and yet (for a girl of eighteen as she then was) solemn, feeling as she did, standing there at the open window, that something awful was about to happen; looking at the flowers, at the trees with the smoke winding off them and the rooks rising, falling; standing, and looking until Peter Walsh said, “Musing among the vegetables?” – was that it? – “I prefer men to cauliflowers” – was that it? He must have said it at breakfast one morning when she had gone out onto the terrace – Peter Walsh.
_____From “Mrs. Dalloway” by Virginia Woolf.
Example of Narrative Paragraph #2
Mr Bucket was the only person in the family with a job. He worked in a toothpaste factory, where he sat all day long on a bench and screwed the little caps onto the tops of the tubes of toothpaste after the tubes had been filled. But a toothpaste cap-screwer is never paid very much money, and poor Mr Bucket, however hard he worked, and however fast he screwed on the caps, was never able to make enough to buy one-half of the things that so large a family needed. There wasn’t even enough money to buy proper food for them all. The only meals they could afford were bread and margarine for breakfast, boiled potatoes and cabbage for lunch, and cabbage soup for supper. Sundays were a bit better. They all looked forward to Sundays because then, although they had exactly the same, everyone was allowed a second helping.
____From Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl
Types of Paragraphs #3
This type of paragraph explains an instruction, a procedure, or a process. The purpose of this type of paragraph is to simply explain something to the reader. Often, the writer of this type of paragraph does a lot of research on the topics they want to explain. The author uses expository paragraphs to share the knowledge he already has with the readers.
Example of Expository Paragraph #1
Why do Atoms Explode when they are Split?
Atoms of radioactive elements can split. According to Albert Einstein, mass and energy are interchangeable under certain circumstances. When atoms split, the process is called nuclear fission. In this case, a small amount of mass is converted into energy. Thus the energy released cannot do much damage. However, several subatomic particles called neutrons are also emitted during this process. Each neutron will hit a radioactive element releasing more neutrons in the process. This causes a chain reaction and creates a large amount of energy. This energy is converted into heat which expands uncontrollably causing an explosion. Hence, atoms do not literally explode. They generate energy that can cause explosions.
Example of Expository Paragraph #2
Everyone knows that paper is made from trees. But when one looks at trees, one cannot imagine that something so soft and fragile as the paper is made is so hard and strong. Plant materials such as wood are made of fibres known as cellulose. It is the primary ingredient in paper making. Raw wood is first converted into pulp consisting of a mixture of Cellulose, lignin, water and some chemicals. The pulp can be made mechanically through grinders or through chemical processes. Short fibres are produced by mechanical grinding. The paper produced in this way is weak and is used to make newspapers, magazines and phonebooks. Through the chemical pulping process, strong paper is produced. Cellulose pulp is sprayed to form mats on moving conveyor screens. These mats are then dried, dyed and cut as required.
Types of Paragraphs #4
This type of paragraph is used to capture the interest of the reader or to make them understand and accept the author’s point of view. Persuasive paragraphs are useful for constructing arguments. This type of paragraph is rhetorical in nature and can use facts and details to make the argument stronger and more convincing. The writer needs to be confident in his opinion in order to seem believable to the readers. The author’s purpose is to influence the readers’ beliefs.
Example of Persuasive Paragraph #1
The Importance of Breakfast
You probably already know that it is important to have a king-size breakfast every morning. do you know why Your body is hungry in the morning because you haven’t eaten for about 8-10 hours? Breakfast is therefore the first meal of the day, and therefore, the most important. Imagine driving without fuel; This is exactly how your body feels without fuel from a nutritious breakfast. Nowadays many people skip breakfast to lose weight. Nutritionists are alarmed by this trend, as it is mandatory to eat breakfast within two hours of waking up. Depriving the body of energy can lead to serious health problems in the long run. Forget silly celebrities and their absurd ways to lose weight. Never miss breakfast!
Example of Persuasive Paragraph #2
Power of Positive Thinking
Positive thinking is an attitude or mindset characterized by optimism and happiness. A positive person hopes for the best and expects success in his life. Although many may scoff at the idea of staying positive all the time, it has a plethora of benefits not only for the mind but also for the body. Positivity brings happiness to the soul and lightens one. It evokes our goodwill and joy. People are attracted to such people. One sword and being negative inaction causes the exact opposite reaction. It is a known fact that people try to avoid people who exude negativity. They don’t want to be around someone who brings down the energy in the house. Positive feedback to yourself can improve your health and increase your chances of success in life. It is recommended that one refrain from using harsh words in their thoughts or words. Be kind and gentle to yourself, encouraging and comforting. Only then can one achieve everything he wants in life.
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