For describing a process of doing something or preparing or manufacturing a thing one has to give a description of the series of actions done one after another until the desired result is got.
Important Tips for describing a Process
- For describing a process, the description may be impersonal, and this can be done better in the Passive voice.
- For describing a process, the description may also be given with the help of a series of Imperative Sentences.
- In both cases, some cohesives or sentence linkers need to be used to indicate the order of the steps taken in the process.
- Before starting the process description, a student should begin with an introductory sentence like ‘the making/preparation of………has to go through a series of steps before the product can be obtained.
Describing a Process – Examples
Describing a Process Example #1
Describe the different stages of the construction of a residential building in a municipal area with the help of the following flow chart.
Planning and estimation – Having the plan approved by the municipality – Collecting building materials – Engaging masons and labourers – Construction work up to roofing – Fitting doors and windows – Plastering – Wiring – Colouring – Getting water connection – Sewerage connection
CONSTRUCTION OF A RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
First, the planning and estimation for the construction of a residential building are done. Then, the plan has to be approved by the municipality. After that, the building materials are collected. Next, masons and labourers are engaged. Thereafter, the construction up to the roofing is completed. Then the doors and windows are fitted. After that, the inside and outside walls are plastered. Next, the wiring is done. The inside and outside walls are coloured. After that, water connection and sewerage connection are obtained. Now, the construction of a residential building is complete (completed).
Describing a Process Example #2
Study the following chart and describe How the inner walls of a room are distempered.
Cleaning the surface of the wall with sandpaper and dry cloth – Adding warm water to dry distemper of chosen colour-ratio 1:2 – Beating up to make a creamy paste – Adding water to the paste- ratio 3:2 – Mixing glue and stirring – Straining through a fine cloth – Stirring and applying with a brush
DISTEMPERING THE INNER WALLS
The inner walls of a room are distempered through a number of steps. At first, the surface of the wall is cleaned with sandpaper and a dry cloth. Then, warm water is added to dry the distemper of chosen colour at a ratio of 1:2. After that, it is beaten up to make a creamy paste. Next, water is added to the paste at a ratio of 3:2. Thereafter, glue is added and stirred. Then, it is strained through a fine piece of cloth. Finally, it is stirred again and applied to the walls with a brush.
Describing a Process Example #3
Study the following chart and describe How butter is prepared.
Milk obtained – Cream separated by churning – Cream soured – Cream pasteurized – Butter obtained – Forced into the roller to make it smooth and uniform in taste and colour – Packed and sent off to market
PREPARATION OF BUTTER
Butter is prepared through a number of steps. At first, fresh milk is obtained. Next, the cream is separated from the milk by churning. Then, the cream is soured and pasteurized. Thus, butter is obtained. Then this butter is forced into a roller to make it smooth and uniform in taste and colour. Finally, the butter is packed and sent off to the market.
Describing a Process Example #4
Study the following chart and describe The process of soap-making in about 100 words.
Coconut oil, caustic soda, and water – Heated for 30 Allowed to minutes – Allowed to cool – Common salt added – Kept for 12 hours – Cut to cake-like pieces – ready for use
Soap is a very useful thing in our daily life. It is prepared through a number of steps. First, coconut oil and caustic soda are mixed with water. The solution is heated for thirty minutes. Then, the heated solution is allowed to cool. After that, the required amount of common salt is added to that solution. It is left in that condition for twelve hours. As a result, the mixture becomes solid. Thereafter, it is cut into cake-like pieces. Now, the soap cakes are ready for use. We can make it ourselves at home or in school.
Describing a Process Example #5
Study the following flow chart and describe How orange syrup is made at home.
Buying oranges from the market – Rejecting the rotten ones – Washing and peeling wholesome oranges – Crushing the oranges in a specially designed bowl – Straining the seeds away – Adding sugar – Stirring the solution
PREPARATION OF ORANGE SYRUP
First, oranges are bought from the market. Then, the rotten ones are rejected. After that, the wholesome oranges are washed and peeled. The oranges are crushed in a specially designed bowl. Now, the seeds are strained away. After that, sugar is added. Finally, the solution of sugar and orange juice is stirred and the orange syrup is ready.
Describing a Process Example #6
The flow chart below is about the preparation of a mixture useful for rehydration or removing a shortage of water in the body. It is also useful for curing diarrhoea. Use the flow chart and describe the process.
Clean hands, clean pots, teaspoon, tablespoon, cup – One litre of boiled but cold water in a pot – Sugar or honey: 2 tablespoonfuls – Ordinary salt: 1/4 teaspoonful – Orange juice 1/2 cup of lemon juice a few drops – Sodium bicarbonate (commonly called baking soda) 1/4 teaspoonful – Stirring well – Ready
The preparation of the rehydration mixture involves a number of steps. First, our hands, pots, a teaspoon, a tablespoon, and a cup are to be washed properly. One litre of boiled water is cooled in order to pour it into a pot. Then, two tablespoonfuls of sugar or honey, 14 teaspoonfuls of common salt, 12 cups of orange juice or a few drops of lemon juice, and 1/4 teaspoonful of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) are to be added to the water in the pot. The mixture is to be stirred well. Now, the oral rehydration solution is ready. It is used for removing the shortage of water in the body. It is also useful for curing diarrhoea.
Describing a Process Example #7
Study the following flow chart and describe How bread is made. Write the answer using the linkers
Flour – Salt – Yeast – Water – Weighed – Mixed up – Dough prepared – Cut into one-pound pieces – Rolled and shaped – Baked 20-30 minutes – Sliced – Wrapped in the paper – Ready for the market
PREPARATION OF BREAD
Bread is made up of four main ingredients, they are – flour, salt, yeast, and water. At first, these things are weighed and then mixed to prepare a dough. The dough is cut into one-pound pieces. Then these are rolled and shaped. After that, they are baked for 20-30 minutes in an oven. Then they are sliced into definite shapes. Next, these sliced loaves are wrapped in paper. Thus, the loaves are ready for market.
Describing a Process Example #8
The flow chart below is about the Preparation of mustard oil. Use the flow chart and describe the process in about 100 words. Tie up your sentences with proper linking words.
Seeds collected – dried – crushed in a machine – a little water added-oil extracted-oil – cakes separated – oil kept in containers – sealed – ready for use and sale.
PREPARATION OF MUSTARD OIL
The preparation of mustard oil involves a number of steps. At first mustard seeds are collected from the market. Then they are dried. After that, they are crushed in a machine. While crushing, a little water is added to it. After the required time, oil is extracted from the mustard seeds. At this stage, oil cakes are separated. Then the oil is kept in containers. Next, the containers are sealed and ready for use and sale.
Describing a Process Example #9
The Indian Air Force sometimes recruits airmen. Below is an outline of a selection procedure. Study it and describe the Process of selecting Air-Force candidates.
Advertisement in the newspaper – Application – Written test held on (a) Mathematics (b) Language (c) General Knowledge – Appearance before an Interview Board – Medical Examination – Endurance Test – Selection – Appointment
RECRUITMENT IN INDIAN AIR-FORCE
Recruitment in the Indian Air Force is made through advertisements in the newspaper. Applications are invited from suitable candidates. Written tests on Mathematics, Language, and General Knowledge are then held. The eligible candidates are called by registered letters to appear before an Interview Board. After being duly interviewed the candidates have to go in for the medical examination. Then, they have to appear at the endurance test too. If they pass these tests, they are selected for appointment in the Air Force.
Describing a Process Example #10
THE PREPARATION OF LEMON PICKLE
Good ripe yellow lemons bought from market – Good lemons are sorted out and washed in clean water – Abig glass jar is cleaned and made ready – Some green chilli and ginger are cleaned, washed and cut, some salt, some lemon juice but no water or oil are put into the glass jar that has been made ready – the lid of the jar is closed tightly on the jar – glass jar with the material described kept in the sun for a few consecutive weeks-lemon pickles is now ready.
Answer: A pickle is some seasonal fruit or vegetable seasoned with spices, salt, vinegar, etc. as preservatives and to be used when these fruits or vegetables are not available. Mango, lemon, tamarind, vegetables like carrots, brinjals, green chilli, lemon, etc. are mostly used for making pickles. Pickles are pungent to taste and appetizing. Lemons are full of vitamin C and the pickles made of lemons are delicious as well as good for our digestive system.
Now let us see how lemon pickle is prepared: At first some ripe lemons that have become uniformly yellow are bought from the market. The good lemons are washed clean of any dirt that may have stuck to them. Unlike other fruits used in pickle-making, lemons are used whole with their rind on. These whole lemons are put into a glass jar and onto them, some juice of a few more lemons is squeezed. Then into the jar sufficient but not excessive quantity of salt and rock salt is added.
Next, a handful of green chilli and ginger is cleaned, washed, cut, and added to it. The lid of the jar is tightened so that no air can enter it. The glass jar with the ingredients (EMA) described is to be regularly heated in the sun for a few consecutive weeks. Now the lemon pickle is ready and may be served to add taste to your food.
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