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Top 10 Biography Examples Everyone Should Read at least once

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    Biography Examples #1


    SWAMI VIVEKANANDA

    Swami Vivekananda was not a monk in the usual sense of the term. He was a monk with a great patriotic spirit. At the same time, he was one of the greatest spirits. At the same time, he was one of the greatest humanists in the world. He was born in Kolkata in 1863. In boyhood, he used to have deep meditation. His early name was Biley. His actual name was Narendranath Dutta. He studied in the Metropolitan School and the Scottish Church College. After having a B.A. degree he met Sri Ramakrishna Dev. It was a great occasion and turning point in his life. He became a disciple of Ramakrishna Dev and took the name Vivekananda. He attended the Parliament of Religion in Chicago. He delivered a memorable speech addressing the foreign audience “Brothers and Sisters of America.” This speech made him famous. The western world began to value Indian religion and culture. Returning from America he founded the Ramkrishna Mission and Math in 1897. Very soon it developed into an international organization. Service to humanity is the motto of this organization. Vivekananda was not a political leader but presented a clear vision of a new India. So, he left a deep impression on the national leaders of the country. This great man of India died on July 4, 1902, only at the of 39. This is the high time when India needs another Vivekananda.


    Biography Examples #2


    BANKIM CHANDRA CHATTOPADHYAY

    Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay is known as the ‘Emperor of Literature’ (Sahitya Samart). He was born in 1838 at Naihati in 24 Parganas. He studied at Hooghly Mohsin College and Presidency College in Kolkata. He was one of the first graduates of Calcutta University. He was appointed Deputy Magistrate. He was not a very successful government servant. But he occupied a glorious place in Bengali literature. He wrote a number of novels. Most of the novels are based on. historical facts. These novels are—‘Ananda Math’, ‘Kapalkundala’, ‘Rajsingha’, ‘Devi Choudhurani’, ‘Chandrasekhar’ etc. He edited “Bangadarshan’, a famous Bengali journal. He was the author of ‘Bande Mataram’, the national song. This slogan inspired the freedom fighters of our country. He died on 8 April 1894.


    Biography Examples #3


    RABINDRANATH TAGORE

    Rabindranath Tagore is the greatest poet of India. He is also one of the greatest poets of the world. He was born in a rich and cultured family of Kolkata on 7 May 1861. The name of his father was Devendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi was his mother. His grandfather Dwarakanath Tagore was one of the richest men in Kolkata. He did not like going to school. So, he was almost home taught. He went through the epics of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana in his boyhood. He composed his first poem in his early childhood. He touched every branch of Bengali literature. He composed innumerable poems and songs. He also wrote a large number of stories, novels, and essays. His letters are of great literary value. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature in 1913 for Geetanjali. He disliked the traditional system of education. So, he set up Santiniketan, Visva Bharati at Bolpur. He was also a great patriot. He gave up Knighthood in protest of Jalianwalah-Bagh-Massacre. He took an active role in the movement against the Partition of Bengal in 1905. He was a man of versatile genius. He died on 7 August 1941. His death created a vacuum in the world of literature.


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    Biography Examples #4


    ISWAR CHANDRA VIDYASAGAR

    Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar is one of the greatest personalities of Bengal. He was born in 1820 at Birsingha in Paschim Midnapur. The name of his father was Thakurdas Bandyopadhyaya and Bhagabati Devi was his mother. Iswar Chandra came to Kolkata with his father. His father got him admitted to the Sanskrit College. He showed extraordinary merit in his student life. Later he became a teacher and ultimately Principal of the Sanskrit College. He opened the gates of the college to non-Brahmin students. He was appointed an Inspector of Schools. He took great interest in spreading female education. He is called Vidyasagar, an ocean of learning. He is called the father of Bengali prose. He gave a modern shape to the Bengali alphabet. He wrote many books. He was a great social reformer. He had uncommon courage. So, he struggled for the remarriage of the Hindu widows. As a result, the Hindu Widow-Remarriage Act was passed in 1856. He was also against child marriage. We should be grateful to him for various reasons and he is a model of perfect idealism.


    Biography Examples #5


    BAL GANGADHAR TILAK

    Bal Gangadhar Tilak was known as Lokmanya. He was born in a Chitpavan Brahmin family at Ratnagiri in Maharashtra in 1856. He inherited the spirit of patriotism from his family tradition. He was a great scholar. He had a good command of Sanskrit, Mathematics, Marathi, and English. Tilak was an outstanding leader of militant nationalism. He edited two famous newspapers, ‘The Mahratta’ and the ‘Kesari’. He was sentenced to four months imprisonment in 1882 for criticizing British rule. Again in 1897, he was sent to jail for 18 months. He was charged with instigating the murder of Rand and Lt. Ayerst by the Chapekar brothers. His extremist views caused a split in the Congress at Surat in 1907. He founded Home Rule League demanding Self-government. He demanded Swaraj. He died in 1919. He popularised the cult of patriotism.


    Biography Examples #6


    AUROBINDA GHOSH

    Aurobinda Ghosh was a high priest of militant nationalism in India. He was born on 15 August 1872 in Kolkata. His father’s name was Krishnadhan Ghosh. His maternal grandfather was Raj Narayan Bose, a great name in the history of Bengal. He was a brilliant student. He stood first in Greek in I.C.S. Examination and ranked tenth in that examination. But he failed in riding. Later on, he passed Tripos of Cambridge University. He came back to India and joined Baroda College as Vice-Principal. During the anti-partition movement in Bengal, Aurobinda established himself as a revolutionist leader of Bengal. He became the Principal of the National College. He was inspired by ‘The Geeta’ and Bankim’s ‘Anandamath’ He edited ‘The Bande Mataram’ and preached his idea about ‘Swadesh’ and ‘Swaraj’, In 1908 he was accused by the British Government in the Alipore Bomb Case. But he was acquitted of the charge. After being acquitted he realized a sort of change within himself. He left political life and adopted spiritual life. He passed his last life in Pondichery and expired in 1950.


    Biography Examples #7


    MAHATMA GANDHI

    Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest leaders of the world. He was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujrat. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. After qualifying for the Bar in England he came back to India. Next, he went to South Africa. In South Africa, he first started his non-violent civil disobedience movement against the British Government. In 1914 he returned to India. He led the peasants of Champaran, offered leadership to the mill-workers of Ahmedabad. He achieved success at Kheda against white planters. Soon he became the most powerful leader of the Congress. He led Congress in the Non-cooperation Movement in 1920, Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930, and Quit India Movement in 1942. He suffered imprisonment several times. He believed in the non-violent method. He was the true leader of the Indian mass. He was named ‘Mahatma’ by Rabindranath and ‘Father of Nation’ by Netaji. But he met a tragic death. He was killed by a fanatic in January 1948.


    Biography Examples #8


    SUBHAS CHANDRA BASU

    Subhas Chandra Basu was one of the few selfless leaders of India. He was born on 23 January 1897 in Orissa. He got his early education in Cuttack. Then he was admitted to the Presidency College for higher education. But he was driven out of the college for his patriotic spirit. Hy passed B.A. with Honours from the Scottish Church College. Then he passed I.C.S. from London. He had no intention to serve under the British Government. He joined the Non-cooperation Movement under the leadership of Gandhiji, He was elected the President of the Indian National Congress in 1938 and 1939. But left Congress soon. He escaped to Germany and from there to Japan. He took the leadership of the I.N.A. formed by Rashbehari Bose and Captain Mohan Singh. He fought against the British with the help of Japan. He inspired his army with the slogan ‘Delhi Chalo’. He was called Netaji for his unique leadership, power of organization, bravery, and sacrifice. The I.N.A. was defeated at last. Netaji’s last days are still mysterious. He was loved by the people of all communities. His personality is worshiped.


    Biography Examples #9


    DONALD BRADMAN

    Sir Donald Bradman is the idol of every cricketer of the world. He was born on August 27, 1908, in New South Wales, Australia. He scored 118 in his first appearance against New South Wales. His highest innings in Australia was 452 not out against South Australia in 1927/28. He was selected captain of the Australian Cricket Team in 1936. He became a national selector in 1938. He was awarded Knighthood. No Australian cricketer has ever been awarded this honor, After his retirement from cricket, he published his autobiography ‘Farewell to Cricket’ in 1950. He became Chairman of the Australian Cricket Board in 1960. As a batsman, he had great achievements. He scored 29 centuries, 13 half-centuries, 6996 runs in 52 jest, Match at an average of 99.94 in Test Cricket. He died in February 2001


    Biography Examples #10


    AMARTYA SEN

    Amartya Sen is the second Bengalee Nobel winner after Rabindranath Tagore. He is one of the greatest economists in the world. He was born on 3 November 1933. His father was Ashutosh Sen and his mother was Amita Sen. Amartya Sen received his early education at Santiniketan. Then he studied at Presidency College, Calcutta University, and in Cambridge. Returning from London he joined Jadavpur University as the head of the Economics Department. Next, he joined Delhi University and then went to London to teach at the London School of Economics. He is now a Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1998. He wrote two famous books, ‘Economic Inequality’, and ‘poverty and Famines’. He founded ‘Pratichi’ at Santiniketan for the welfare of poor people. He is the pride of Bengal as well as of India.


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