Read the Passage and Answer the Questions. Students should read the passage thoroughly. Read Passage several times, if needed. For short types of answers try to answer in one or two sentences. Be careful about what the questions precisely ask. Read the Passage and Answer the Questions in your own words as far as possible.
Read the Passage and Answer the Questions
Read the passage and answer the questions below:
Christopher Marlowe, the son of Marlowe who is described as the clerk of St Mary’s in the city of Canterbury, was born in the year 1564. He received his early education at The King’s School in that city. He took the degrees of B.A. and M.A. in 1583 and 1587 respectively from Cambridge University. He started writing poems and became a renowned dramatist in the Admiral’s Company.
Marlowe is known as one of the university wits, a group of dramatists along with Robert Greene, Thomas Nash, and George Peele. Marlowe is considered the greatest precursor to Shakespeare. When Marlowe came upon the English stage, the nature of drama was undeveloped. The verses in the dramas were lifeless. But Marlowe gave English drama an appropriate meter, diction, and method. It is really a matter of speculation what kind of greatness he would have achieved if his life had not been terminated (C++) in a duel after a brawl in a tavern (inn).
The literary life of Marlowe had a short span, from 1587 to 1593. During this period, he wrote five plays which were all tragedies as he had no comic vein. His tragedies like Dr. Faustus, The Jew of Malta, Edward Il are rated as some of the best works of the Elizabethan age. He also wrote an unfinished poem Hero and Leander and translated some parts of Ovid’s (a Roman Poet) elegies.
Marlowe’s subjects are mostly heroic which appeals to the imagination of the play-goers. His heroes epitomize the spirit of the Renaissance. Each of them embodies a passion and tries to achieve lies in his development of the blank verse. He put it at any cost. But Marlowe’s chief contribution aside the old rhyming lines then employed in the plays and used blank verse. Thus, the language of drama was brought closer to real life and drama was made ready for Shakespeare (1564-1616) to improve upon it. It is rightly said, “No Marlowe, no Shakespeare”.
A State whether the following sentences are True or False. Write T’ for True and ‘F’ for False. [You need not write the sentences. Write only the numbers.] 1×4=4
- Marlowe translated some works of Ovid, the great Latin poet.
- Marlowe wrote for a short period of time.
- Marlowe discarded rhyming in his drama.
- Marlowe wrote a number of comedies.
B. Answer each of the following questions in about 30 words: 2×3= 6
- When was Christopher Marlowe born? What was his chief contribution to drama?
- Who were the other university wits along with Marlowe?
- Describe Marlowe’s heroes.
Read the Passage and Answer the Questions carefully. Do not check answers before writing answers on your own.
A. 1. T 2. T 3. T 4. F
- Christopher Marlowe was born in the year 1564. Marlowe gave English drama an appropriate meter and diction. This blank verse brought life to English drama.
- The other University wits were Robert Greene, George Peele, and Thomas Nash.
- Marlowe’s heroes epitomized the Renaissance spirit. Each embodied a passion and tried to achieve it at any cost.
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