Unseen passages also known as Reading comprehension passages are important because they help students develop and improve their reading skills.
Comprehension passages are a valuable resource for assisting students in becoming better readers, writers, and critical thinkers.
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In this post, we present the top 10 Comprehension Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ). These passages are designed to challenge and improve your reading comprehension skills.
Unseen Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions
Comprehension Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions #1
There are three main kinds of food. Sugar and starch are grouped together as carbohydrates. They are found in bread, potatoes and rice. These are mainly energy-giving foods which the muscles and other tissues use. Fats are also energy-giving foods but do not give them up as quickly as the sugar and starches as they have to be broken up in the liver and made into sugar before they can be burnt by the body.
Proteins from the other class. These are the main solid parts in all living cells. They are found in milk, meat and fish and are necessary to the body to enable it to build new cells and repair old ones. For this reason, growing children need more proteins than adults. As children are much more active than adults and use more energy in comparison to their size they need a lot of energy-giving foods, the carbohydrates.
Children cannot get much of their energy from fat because it makes them unwell if they eat too much of it. A specially fine thing about the body is that it uses the things you like better than the things you do not like, so giving truth to the old saying ‘A little of what you fancy does you good’.
In addition to these foods, the body also needs small quantities of protective substances called vitamins. Vitamins A and D are found in fat. If a child does not receive enough Vitamin D, his bones do not harden so that he begins to walk late and when he does so, his bones bend so that he may get low legs. Vitamin B is available in the husks of wheat and rice but not in the remainder of the seed. Vitamin C is found in fresh fruit and vegetables.
In the days of sailing ships when sailors used to go short of Vitamin C on long voyages, they developed scurvy, which is due to a weakness of the capillary blood vessels. In this disease, the slightest knock causes bleeding under the skin which shows itself as big painful bruises.
Which of the following foods are classified as carbohydrates?
a) bread, potatoes, rice
b) milk, meat, fish
c) fresh fruit and vegetables
d) all of the above
Answer: a) bread, potatoes, rice
Which of the following foods is not considered an energy-giving food?
Answer: c) protein
Why do growing children need more proteins than adults?
a) to build new cells and repair old ones
b) to maintain a healthy weight
c) to support muscle growth
d) all of the above
Answer: a) to build new cells and repair old ones
What is the main source of Vitamin A?
Answer: b) fat
What is the main symptom of scurvy?
a) weakness of the capillary blood vessels
b) delayed walking
c) low legs
d) painful bruises
Answer: d) painful bruises
What is the main source of Vitamin C?
a) fresh fruit and vegetables
b) husks of wheat and rice
Answer: a) fresh fruit and vegetables
What is the function of Vitamin B?
a) to harden bones
b) to prevent scurvy
c) to build new cells
d) to support digestion
Answer: d) to support digestion
What is the main source of Vitamin D?
b) fresh fruit and vegetables
Answer: a) fat
What is the main difference between carbohydrates and fats as energy-giving foods?
a) Carbohydrates are broken down quickly, while fats are broken down slowly.
b) Fats are necessary for cell growth and repair, while carbohydrates are not.
c) Carbohydrates are found in bread, potatoes and rice, while fats are found in milk, meat and fish.
d) Carbohydrates are necessary for children, while fats are not.
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Answer: a) Carbohydrates are broken down quickly, while fats are broken down slowly.
What is the main function of proteins in the body?
a) to build new cells and repair old ones
b) to provide energy
c) to support muscle growth
d) to provide vitamins
Answer: a) to build new cells and repair old ones
Comprehension Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions #2
The Titanic was a huge ship with six different parts separated by steel doors. It was also fitted with wireless, a wonder of the time. The night of the 14th of April 1912 was very cold. There was no moon and hardly any wind. The Titanic was in the part of the Atlantic in which icebergs cause trouble. Icebergs come from the North when the ice breaks up and they move on the water towards the South. Ice is hard enough to cut holes in steel and cannot easily be seen at night.
The Wireless Officer of the Titanic had received several signals telling him that ice was not away and he knew very well that icebergs can send big ships to the bottom of the sea. Most of these signals were passed on to the Officers, but one was not. It was a signal from another ship, the Mesaba, reporting icebergs in front of the Titanic. He was so busy that he did not report the ice immediately. The signal lay on his table, half-forgotten. The two men who were watching for icebergs suddenly saw something dark just in front of the ship.
They immediately rang the ship’s bell and Lee telephoned the Officer of the watch to report the iceberg. The necessary orders were given at once though it was impossible to stop a great ship immediately, especially when it was moving at about twenty-five miles an hour. But the Officer did his best. The ship was turned away from its straight course. But it was all too late.
Too late! The ship struck the iceberg with its side while it was still moving forward. In a few minutes, six great holes were made in the steel. Water rushed in, not in one place but in separate places covering three hundred feet. The Titanic began to sink. The impossible happened.
What type of ship was the Titanic?
a) A cargo ship
b) A luxury liner
c) A fishing boat
d) A warship
Answer: b) A luxury liner
What was the weather like on the night of the Titanic’s sinking?
a) Warm and sunny
b) Cold and windy
c) Cold and calm
d) Hot and humid
Answer: c) Cold and calm
What was the cause of the Titanic’s sinking?
a) A fire on board
b) A storm
c) A collision with an iceberg
d) A mechanical failure
Answer: c) A collision with an iceberg
How many holes were made in the steel of the Titanic after it struck the iceberg?
Answer: c) 6
How many feet of the ship were affected by water after the collision with the iceberg?
Answer: c) 300
How fast was the Titanic moving when it struck the iceberg?
a) 15 miles per hour
b) 20 miles per hour
c) 25 miles per hour
d) 30 miles per hour
Answer: c) 25 miles per hour
How long did it take for the Titanic to sink after hitting the iceberg?
a) 10 minutes
b) 20 minutes
c) 30 minutes
d) 40 minutes
Answer: c) 30 minutes
Were there enough lifeboats on the Titanic for all passengers?
Answer: b) No
What was the name of the ship that sent a signal warning the Titanic of nearby icebergs?
a) The Mesaba
b) The Carpathia
c) The Britannic
d) The Lusitania
Answer: a) The Mesaba
What was the wireless officer of the Titanic doing when he received the signal from the Mesaba?
c) Busy with other messages
d) On break
Answer: c) Busy with other messages
Comprehension Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions #3
Bats are the only mammals that truly fly. Bats are found throughout the world. One group lives mainly on insects and the other on fruits.
A typical bat is the Pipistrelle. It has a wing span of 8 inches and is covered with silky fur, reddish-brown above and paler below. It has a broad head, a blunt muzzle and triangular ears. Pipistrelles are active in summer from dusk to just before sunrise, when they retire to sleep, either alone or many together, in crevices, on roofs, behind pipes or gutters, or in hollow trees.
When they sleep they hang their heads downwards from the long curved claws of their hind limbs, and they also use these claws to groom their fur. They feed on flies, gnats and small beetles which they catch in the air. From the end of October to about the end of March, when there are no insects about, they hibernate.
Pipistrelles and all night-flying insects-eating bats have small, weak eyes and they catch their food and avoid flying, into things by what we call ‘echolocation. The bat squeaks while it flies, but its squeaks are ultrasonic, that is, so high-pitched that the average human ear cannot hear them. The echoes of its squeaks give the bat a kind of sound picture of everything that is round about it.
Bats have babies once a year. When the baby bat is born, blind and naked, the mother first puts it in a pouch made by bending her tail forward. Then she places it on her breast, where it hangs clinging to her fur with its claws. It stays there for about two weeks while she flies about. Then, when it is bigger, she hangs it by its feet in some safe place while she flies off to find food. When she returns, she replaces it on her breast. In about three months the young bat begins to fly.
What is the only mammal that truly flies?
Answer: a) Bats
What are the two groups of bats found throughout the world?
a) Insect-eaters and fruit-eaters
b) Diurnal and nocturnal
c) Warm-blooded and cold-blooded
d) Carnivores and herbivores
Answer: a) Insect-eaters and fruit-eaters
What is the wing span of a typical Pipistrelle bat?
a) 8 inches
b) 12 inches
c) 16 inches
d) 24 inches
Answer: a) 8 inches
When do Pipistrelles typically become active?
a) From dawn to dusk
b) From dusk to just before sunrise
c) During the day
d) During the night
Answer: b) From dusk to just before sunrise
What do Pipistrelles do during the months when there are no insects?
a) They migrate
b) They hibernate
c) They sleep
d) They die
Answer: b) They hibernate
How do bats catch their food and avoid flying into things?
a) By using their small, weak eyes
b) By using echolocation
c) By using their sense of smell
d) By using their sense of taste
Answer: b) By using echolocation
What do bats squeak while they fly?
a) High-pitched sounds
b) Low-pitched sounds
c) No sounds at all
d) Loud sounds
Answer: a) High-pitched sounds
How often do bats have babies?
a) Once a month
b) Once a year
c) Twice a year
d) Every three years
Answer: b) Once a year
How does a mother bat take care of her baby when it is first born?
a) By placing it in a pouch made by bending her tail forward
b) By placing it on her breast
c) By placing it in a nest
d) By leaving it alone
Answer: a) By placing it in a pouch made by bending her tail forward
How long does it take for a young bat to begin flying?
a) Two weeks
b) Three months
c) Six months
d) One year
Answer: b) Three months
Comprehension Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions #4
Nobody comes to Novastoshnah except on business, and the only people who have regular business there are the seals. They come in the summer months by hundreds and hundreds of thousands out of the cold grey sea, for Novastoshnah Beach has the finest accommodation for seals of any place in the world.
Sea Catch knew that, and every spring would swim from whatever place he happened to be in-would swim like a torpedo boat straight for Novastoshnah, and spend a month fighting with his companions for a good place on the rocks as close to the sea as possible. Sea Catch was fifteen years old, a huge grey fur- seal with almost a mane on his shoulders, and long, wicked dog teeth. He was scarred all over with the marks of savage fights, but he was always ready for just one to fight more.
Yet Sea Catch never chased a beaten seal, for that was against the Rules of the Beach. He only wanted room by the sea for his nursery; but as there were forty or fifty thousand other seals hunting for the same thing each spring, the whistling, bellowing, roaring, and blowing on the beach were something frightful.
From a little hill called Hutchinson’s Hill, you could look over three and a half miles of ground covered with fighting seals; the surf was dotted all over with the heads of seals hurrying to land and begin their share of the fighting. They fought in the breakers, they fought in the sand, and they fought on the smooth-worn basalt rocks of the nurseries; for they were just as stupid and unaccommodating as men.
Why do seals come to Novastoshnah?
a) To mate
b) To rest
c) To find the best accommodation for seals
d) To hunt for food
Answer: c) To find the best accommodation for seals
How does Sea Catch reach Novastoshnah every spring?
a) He walks on land
b) He takes a boat
c) He swims like a torpedo boat
d) He flies
Answer: c) He swims like a torpedo boat
How old is Sea Catch?
a) 5 years old
b) 10 years old
c) 15 years old
d) 20 years old
Answer: c) 15 years old
What is Sea Catch’s physical appearance like?
a) Small and weak
b) Large and grey with a mane and long teeth
c) Black and sleek
d) White and fluffy
Answer: b) Large and grey with a mane and long teeth
How does Sea Catch behave towards defeated seals?
a) He chases them away
b) He leaves them alone
c) He kills them
d) He fights them more
Answer: b) He leaves them alone
How many seals come to Novastoshnah every spring?
a) A few hundred
b) A few thousand
c) Tens of thousands
d) Hundreds of thousands
Answer: d) Hundreds of thousands
What is the noise like on Novastoshnah Beach during the spring?
a) Calm and peaceful
b) Loud and chaotic
c) Silent and eerie
d) Melodic and harmonious
Answer: b) Loud and chaotic
What is the name of the hill from which one can view the seals on Novastoshnah Beach?
a) Seal Hill
b) Novastoshnah Hill
c) Hutchinson’s Hill
d) Fighting Hill
Answer: c) Hutchinson’s Hill
How far can one see from Hutchinson’s Hill?
a) 1 mile
b) 2 miles
c) 3 miles
d) 3.5 miles
Answer: d) 3.5 miles
How do the seals behave towards each other on Novastoshnah Beach?
a) They live in harmony
b) They are peaceful and accommodating
c) They are aggressive and unaccommodating
d) They are shy and hide
Answer: c) They are aggressive and unaccommodating.
Comprehension Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions #5
Mills and factories in industrial areas give out smoke and ash which thicken the air and increase the amount of Carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. Moving automobiles also emit smoke and kick up dust. Road-side garbage and effluent etc. stink. All these polluting air and air pollution cause people great harm.
Man in his eagerness for immediate gain often disturbs the balance in nature with disastrous effects in the long run. Indiscriminate killing of birds and wild animals for food or sport has long been disturbing the balance in nature. China killed all her sparrows to stop them from destroying crops. Now safe from sparrows worms and insects have their heyday and cause extensive damage to paddy plants.
The senseless cutting of trees and the consequent disappearance of forests are responsible for the scarcity and irregularity in rainfall in different parts of the world in recent years. Drought in many areas of northern India and in countries of eastern Africa these years opens our eyes once again to the necessity of trees. Extensive plantation of trees and re-creation of the forest should have to be undertaken on a war footing.
What do industrial areas contribute to the air?
a) Clean air
b) Smoke and ash
d) Green plants
Answer: b) Smoke and ash
How do automobiles affect the air?
a) They clean the air
b) They emit smoke and kick up dust
c) They purify the air
d) They increase oxygen levels
Answer: b) They emit smoke and kick up dust
What are some examples of air pollution caused by human activity?
a) Road-side garbage and effluent
b) Fresh flowers and rain
c) Clean water and solar energy
d) Green grass and butterflies
Answer: a) Road-side garbage and effluent
How does the indiscriminate killing of birds and wild animals affect nature?
a) It improves the balance in nature
b) It has no effect on nature
c) It disturbs the balance in nature
d) It enhances the biodiversity
Answer: c) It disturbs the balance in nature
What happened in China as a result of killing all the sparrows?
a) The crops were protected
b) The worms and insects destroyed the paddy plants
c) The rainfall increased
d) The biodiversity improved
Answer: b) The worms and insects destroyed the paddy plants
How does cutting down trees affect the climate?
a) It makes it cooler
b) It causes scarcity and irregularity in rainfall
c) It increases the amount of oxygen
d) It improves the soil quality
Answer: b) It causes scarcity and irregularity in rainfall
What is the solution to the problem of scarcity and irregularity in rainfall?
a) Cutting down more trees
b) Building more factories
c) Extensive plantation of trees and re-creation of the forest
d) Using more fossil fuels
Answer: c) Extensive plantation of trees and re-creation of the forest
What is the importance of Trees?
a) They help to control climate
b) They are not important
c) They are just for looking at
d) They are a source of wood only
Answer: a) They help to control climate
How should the tree plantation be done?
a) Slowly over time
b) On a war footing
c) Not at all
d) In a small scale
Answer: b) On a war footing
What are the effects of drought in northern India and eastern Africa?
a) It improves the agricultural productivity
b) It shows the importance of trees
c) It has no effect on the environment
d) It makes the land more fertile
Answer: b) It shows the importance of trees
Comprehension Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions #6
It is not easy to give any fixed definition of literature. But it may be suggested that any writing of fictional or non-fictional nature that deals with human life and has the power to engage the interest of all kinds of human beings can be called literature.
Generally, books meant for specific subjects like chemistry, geography, political science or astronomy cannot be called literature because they do not have any universal appeal. But a novel by Tolstoi or Bibhutibhusan, a poem by Tagore or an essay by Lamb is certainly a work of literature because it can arouse feelings that are universal.
Literature can take many forms. It can be an epic like the Mahabharata, a novel like Pather Panchali, a poem like the ones in Rabindranath’s Geetanjali or a short story like O, Henry’s Gift of the Magi. The study of literature is both pleasurable and profitable, provided one reads selectively.
Literature helps us pass time pleasurably with its good story, interesting characters and pictures of various places and cultures past and present. From great literary works, we can gain profound insight into human nature as well as vital truths about different aspects of life.
It is a pity that the habit of reading literature is on the decline among today’s youth. They spend more time watching TV and films than reading the classics of literature. They would rather see a film on Shakespeare’s Hamlet than read the play itself. But a film version of a literary classic, however well-made, cannot give the viewer the same depth of impression as the book itself can.
But it appears that young people today are more interested in building up a successful career than in enjoying literature or gathering wisdom from it. But there should be a coordination between the studies of science and literature to promote a more balanced and healthy attitude to life.
What is the definition of literature according to the provided passage?
A) Any writing that deals with human life and has universal appeal
B) Books meant for specific subjects like chemistry or geography
C) Films and TV shows
D) A successful career
Answer: A) Any writing that deals with human life and has universal appeal
Which of the following is not considered to be literature?
A) A novel by Tolstoi
B) A book on political science
C) A poem by Tagore
D) A film version of Hamlet
Answer: B) A book on political science
According to the passage, what is the benefit of studying literature?
A) Building a successful career
B) Passing time pleasurably
C) Gaining insight into human nature
D) All of the above
Answer: D) All of the above
How does the passage suggest that young people spend their time?
A) Reading literature
B) Watching TV and films
C) Building a successful career
D) Both B and C
Answer: D) Both B and C
Why is the film version of a literary classic not as effective as the book itself?
A) It does not give the viewer the same depth of impression
B) It is not as well-made
C) It is not as interesting
D) None of the above
Answer: A) It does not give the viewer the same depth of impression
What is the suggestion made in the passage about balancing studies in science and literature?
A) That they should be coordinated
B) That they should be separate
C) That literature should be studied more than science
D) That science should be studied more than literature
Answer: A) That they should be coordinated
What is the attitude towards literature among today’s youth according to the passage?
A) They enjoy reading literature
B) They are not interested in the literature
C) They spend more time reading literature than watching TV and films
D) They are indifferent to literature
Answer: B) They are not interested in literature
Who is an example of a literary classic author mentioned in the passage?
A) O. Henry
C) Rabindranath Tagore
D) All of the above
Answer: D) All of the above
What is the purpose of literature according to the passage?
A) To build a successful career
B) To pass time pleasurably
C) To gain insight into human nature
D) All of the above
Answer: C) To gain insight into human nature
What is the main concern expressed in the passage about literature?
A) That it is on the decline among today’s youth
B) That young people are not interested in literature
C) That reading literature is not profitable
D) Both A and B
Answer: D) Both A and B
Comprehension Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions #7
The negro king of Kamera in Africa was a proud man. His subjects were afraid of him. They at once carried out whatever he wanted them to do. But one day when he was boasting that all his people were his servants, an old and wise black man named Boukabar scolded him with the words. “All the people are the servants of one another.”
“What am I your servant ?” The king replied in anger. “All right, prove the correctness of your statement. Compel me to work for you before the sun sets and I will give you a hundred cows. If you fail, I will kill you and show you that I am your master.”
“All right,” replied Boukabar. Being very old Boukabar had to use a stick for walking and as he took it before going out, a beggar appeared at the door.
“Let me give something to eat to this poor man”, he said, and taking the food in his two hands he staggered near the king, his cane having fallen from his hand. He then cried out to the king, “Please pick up my staff or I am going to fall down.”
The king picked up the cane without stopping to think, and Boukabar laughed in joy and shouted, “Now, Sir, you see that all charitable men are servants of their neighbours, I serve the poor beggar and you serve me. But I don’t want your hundred cows. Give them to this poor man.”
The king did as much and he appointed Boukabar his Prime Minister to learn from him how to rule his kingdom better.
Who is the main character in the story?
a) The negro king of Kamera
c) The poor beggar
d) The Prime Minister
Answer: a) The negro king of Kamera
What does the negro king claim about his subjects?
a) They are afraid of him
b) They are his equals
c) They are his servants
d) They are his friends
Answer: c) They are his servants
What is the challenge that Boukabar gives to the king?
a) To make him his servant before the sun sets
b) To give him a hundred cows
c) To make him Prime Minister
d) To give a hundred cows to the poor beggar
Answer: a) To make him his servant before the sun sets
How does Boukabar prove his point to the king?
a) By making the king serve him
b) By giving the king a hundred cows
c) By giving a hundred cows to the poor beggar
d) By making the king serve the poor beggar
Answer: d) By making the king serve the poor beggar
What does Boukabar do when the king picks up his cane?
a) He becomes angry
b) He kills the king
c) He laughs in joy
d) He becomes sad
Answer: c) He laughs in joy
What does the king do after Boukabar proves his point?
a) He kills Boukabar
b) He appoints Boukabar as Prime Minister
c) He gives a hundred cows to the poor beggar
d) He becomes sad
Answer: b) He appoints Boukabar as Prime Minister
What does the king hope to learn from Boukabar?
a) How to be a better king
b) How to be a better servant
c) How to be a better Prime Minister
d) How to be a better beggar
Answer: a) How to be a better king
What does Boukabar use to help him walk?
a) A stick
b) A cane
c) A crutch
d) A wheelchair
Answer: a) A stick
How does Boukabar feel when the king picks up his cane?
Answer: c) Joyful
What is the main lesson of the story?
a) All men are equal
b) All people are servants of one another
c) Charity is important
d) The king should be kind to his subjects
Answer: b) All people are servants of one another.
Comprehension Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions #8
Sea snakes are slow-breathing highly venomous aquatic reptiles. The fact that they are the marine allies of the killer snakes-cobras and kraits-is little known. These deadly invaders have adjusted themselves perfectly to the transition from land to sea. With the body flattened from side to side, an oar-like tail to facilitate easy and graceful swimming, and the upward position of the nostrils provided with valve-like closures, they are as much at home as fishes in the sea.
The majority of sea- snakes give birth to living young, thus having completely dispensed with the need to leave the water. Sea snakes are helpless on land and writhe helplessly with a slow and awkward gait.
On land, their vision seems to be defective and they may turn even vicious trying to bite any moving object, even their own shadow. They are capable of remaining underwater for hours because of the extensive lungs which function in part as air sacs. Though sea snakes do not show any definite scheme of colouration, the majority of them are strikingly banded and beautiful. The average length of a sea snake is four to five feet but a few reach 9 or 10 feet.
Sea snakes and eels are similar in many respects, but the dry, scaly covering of the snakes easily differentiates them from the fish which have smooth and slimy skin. The tail of a sea snake is flat and paddle- like whereas that of an eel is pointed. Moreover, eels have fins and a gill pouch, in the area of the neck. Sea snakes eat fish, particularly eels. Like all other snakes, sea snakes can swallow fish much larger than their own size. The majority of them bring forth their young ones alive. Sometimes they turn aggressive while breeding.
How do sea snakes breathe?
c) Normal breathing rate
d) They don’t breathe
Answer: b) Slowly
How do sea snakes move through the water?
a) With fins
b) With a flattened body and oar-like tail
c) With a pointed tail
d) With a gill pouch
Answer: b) With a flattened body and oar-like tail
How do sea snakes differ from eels?
a) Sea snakes have dry, scaly skin
b) Sea snakes have fins
c) Sea snakes have a gill pouch
d) Sea snakes have smooth and slimy skin
Answer: a) Sea snakes have dry, scaly skin
What is the average length of a sea snake?
a) 2-3 feet
b) 4-5 feet
c) 6-7 feet
d) 9-10 feet
Answer: b) 4-5 feet
How do sea snakes dispense with the need to leave the water?
a) They have adapted to live on land
b) They breathe through the gills
c) They give birth to live young
d) They have extensive lungs
Answer: c) They give birth to live young
How do sea snakes behave on land?
a) They swim gracefully
b) They writhe helplessly with a slow and awkward gait
c) They turn vicious and try to bite any moving object
d) They have good vision
Answer: c) They turn vicious and try to bite any moving object
What do sea snakes typically eat?
c) Sea plants
Answer: b) Eels
How long can sea snakes remain underwater?
a) A few minutes
b) A few hours
c) A few days
d) They cannot remain underwater
Answer: b) A few hours
Are sea snakes brightly coloured?
a) Yes, they are brightly banded and beautiful
b) No, they are dull in colour
c) It varies among species
d) They are transparent
Answer: a) Yes, they are brightly banded and beautiful
What is the shape of the tail of a sea snake?
a) Flat and paddle-like
Answer: a) Flat and paddle-like
Comprehension Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions #9
One of the main reasons why wrong ideas and useless practices can grow up is ignorance. Among primitive tribes today, as was the case too in prehistoric times, there is hardly any scientific knowledge, everything is mysterious. The sun rises and sets and the moon changes; but people have no idea why, or what are the relations of the heavenly bodies to the earth. No one knows anything about the natural causes of rain or drought, storms or earthquakes, famine or disease.
Thus everything is put down to mysterious influences, magic or by good and bad spirits. Such ideas cannot very well be called superstitions so long as no better explanation is available. But the reason may show that they are false; and finally, when scientific knowledge demonstrates the way by which things really work, the ideas of magic or spirit influence can be seen to be mere superstitions.
So, as science progresses, superstition ought to grow less. On the whole, that is true. But it is surprising how superstitions linger on. If we are tempted to look down on savage tribes and other nations for holding such ideas, we should remember that even today, among the most civilized nations, a great many equally stupid superstitions exist and are believed in by a great many people. It is worth making a list of the superstitions which you know about.
Some people will not sit down thirteen at the table; others will not light three cigarettes from one match, or do not like to start anything important on a Friday, or refuse to walk under a ladder; many people buy charms and talismans because they think they will bring them luck. Perhaps you yourself are inclined to believe in some of these ideas! Try to find out if there is really anything in any of them, and what reasons there may be for people believing in them. [Science & Popular Misconception-Andrade and Julian Huxley]
What is the main reason for the growth of wrong ideas and useless practices among primitive tribes and prehistoric times?
a) Scientific knowledge
c) Magic or spirit influence
d) Lack of education
Answer: b) Mystery
How does scientific knowledge affect superstitions?
a) It makes them grow more
b) It has no effect
c) It demonstrates that they are false
d) It confirms their validity
Answer: c) It demonstrates that they are false
Why do superstitions linger on, even as science progresses?
a) People are stubborn
b) People are not exposed to scientific knowledge
c) People like to hold on to tradition
d) All of the above
Answer: d) All of the above
What should one do if they find themselves inclined to believe in superstitions?
a) Ignore it
b) Research and find out if there is any truth to it
c) Believe in it blindly
d) Encourage others to believe in it
Answer: b) Research and find out if there is any truth to it
What is the relationship between the heavenly bodies and the earth, according to primitive tribes and prehistoric people?
a) They have no idea
b) They believe it is controlled by magic or spirits
c) They know the scientific explanation
d) They believe it is controlled by fate
Answer: a) They have no idea
What causes natural phenomena such as rain, drought, storms, earthquakes, famine, or disease according to primitive tribes and prehistoric people?
a) Scientific causes
b) Mysterious influences, magic or good and bad spirits
c) They have no idea
d) It is predetermined by a higher power
Answer: b) Mysterious influences, magic or good and bad spirits
How does the belief in charms and talismans differ from scientific explanations?
a) They are not based on evidence
b) They are based on evidence
c) They are only believed in by primitive tribes and prehistoric people
d) They are only believed in by certain cultures
Answer: a) They are not based on evidence
Are superstitions only found among savage tribes and other nations?
Answer: b) No
What is the significance of the number 13 at the table?
a) It is a lucky number
b) It is an unlucky number
c) It has no significance
d) It is a symbol of good luck
Answer: b) It is an unlucky number
Is it true that many people will not light three cigarettes from one match?
Answer: a) True
Comprehension Passages for Class 12 with Multiple Choice Questions #10
Since my train wasn’t due to leave for another hour, I had plenty of time on my hands. After buying some magazines to read on the journey, I went to the baggage office to collect the heavy suitcase I had left there three days earlier. There were only a few people waiting, and I pulled out my wallet to find my case receipt. I don’t remember where I left the receipt. I emptied the contents of the wallet, and out came railway tickets, money, scraps of paper, and pictures; But no matter how much I searched, the receipt was nowhere to be found.
I sadly explained the situation to the assistant. The man looked at me suspiciously as if he had heard such stories many times and asked me to describe the case. I told him it was an old, brown-looking object not unlike the many suitcases I see on the shelves. The assistant then gave me a form and asked me to list the contents of the case. He said, if they were right, the case could have been withdrawn. I hastily tried to remember all the articles I had packed and wrote them down.
After I did this, I went to look at the shelves. There were hundreds of cases and for a horrible moment, it occurred to me that if someone picked up the receipt, he could have easily claimed the case already. Fortunately, that didn’t happen, because moments later, I found the case lying high on its side in the corner. After examining the articles inside, the assistant gave me the case.
I took out my wallet to pay him. I pulled out a ten-shilling note and opened my ‘lost’ receipt with it! I couldn’t help but cherish it. The assistant shook his head knowingly as if he had seen this happen too often!!
Where did the protagonist leave their suitcase?
a) On the train
b) At the baggage office
c) In a hotel room
d) At a friend’s house
Answer: b) At the baggage office
What did the protagonist use to search for their suitcase receipt?
a) Their phone
b) Their wallet
c) A computer
d) A suitcase key
Answer: b) Their wallet
What did the assistant ask the protagonist to do to claim their suitcase?
a) Provide identification
b) Describe the suitcase
c) List the contents of the suitcase
d) Show the receipt
Answer: c) List the contents of the suitcase
How did the protagonist feel when they couldn’t find their suitcase receipt?
Answer: b) Anxious
How did the protagonist ultimately find their suitcase?
a) The assistant helped them locate it
b) They searched the shelves and found it
c) It was returned by another customer
d) It was delivered to them
Answer: b) They searched the shelves and found it
How did the protagonist pay the assistant?
a) Credit card
d) Bank transfer
Answer: b) Cash
What did the protagonist find inside their suitcase?
a) Missing items
b) Damaged items
c) The contents they listed on the form
d) Additional items
Answer: c) The contents they listed on the form
How did the assistant react when the protagonist found their receipt inside their wallet?
Answer: b) Amused
How long had the protagonist left their suitcase at the baggage office?
a) 1 day
b) 2 days
c) 3 days
d) 4 days
Answer: c) 3 days
How did the protagonist feel when they finally reclaimed their suitcase?
Answer: a) Relieved