What is Reading Comprehension?

What is Reading Comprehension?


What is Reading Comprehension?


Reading comprehension is the act of understanding what you are reading.

Importance of Reading comprehension

  • Gaining knowledge from the information shared in the passage
  • Building a good vocabulary
  • Reviewing the writer’s ideas
  • Forming an opinion on the facts or the information in the passage
  • Appreciating the passage stylistically
  • Answering the questions asked at the end of the passage

Guidelines to Read a Passage

Comprehension: Prose

  • Read the passage thoroughly.
  • Identify the main idea and the supporting details of the passage.
  • Understand the first (introduction) and the last (conclusion) paragraph of the passage.
  • Identify the theme of each paragraph.
  • Identify the tone used in the passage.
  • Understand the author’s purpose and viewpoint.
  • Read the questions carefully.
  • Understand what is being asked in the questions.

Comprehension: Poetry

  • Read the poem thoroughly.
  • Identify the theme and the rhyme scheme of the poem.
  • Identify the figures of speech used.
  • Read the questions carefully.
  • Understand what is being asked in the questions.
  • Identify the imagery used by the poet.

Reading Comprehension Samples


The answers that you provide to the questions asked show how well you have understood the given
passage.

Reading Comprehension Sample 1

The first two years of life are a critical ‘window of opportunity.’ In this period, it is possible to prevent the largely irreversible damage which follows early childhood undernutrition. There are 805 million undernourished people in the world today. That means one in nine people do not get enough food to be healthy and lead an active life.

Hunger and malnutrition are in fact the number one risk to health worldwide—greater than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined. Three-quarters of all hungry people live in rural areas, mainly in the villages of Asia and Africa. An estimated 146 million children in developing countries are underweight—the result of acute or chronic hunger. Poverty trap, lack of investment in agriculture, natural calamities, war and displacement, unstable markets, and food wastage are the major causes for the presence of hunger in the world. Hunger leads to malnutrition, which in turn causes diseases. Malnutrition is the largest single, According to the UN’s Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN), a contributor to disease in the world.

Malnutrition at an early age leads to reduced physical and mental development during childhood. According to the World Bank, India is one of the highest-ranking countries in the world for the number of children suffering from malnutrition. One of the major causes of malnutrition in India is gender inequality. Because of the low social status of Indian women, their diet often lacks in both quality and quantity. Women who suffer from malnutrition are less likely to have healthy babies. In India, mothers generally lack proper knowledge in feeding children. Consequently, newborn infants are unable to get an adequate amount of nutrition from their mothers.

Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Bihar have very high rates of undernutrition. Studies show that individuals belonging to Hindu, Jain, or Muslim backgrounds in India tend to be more malnourished than those from Sikh or Christian backgrounds. The Akshaya Patra Foundation runs the world’s largest NGO-run midday meal program serving freshly cooked meals to over 1.3 million schoolchildren in government and government-aided schools in India. However, the challenge for all these programs and schemes is how to increase efficiency, impact, and coverage.

Questions

Q1) What are the causes of the presence of hunger in the world?
Q2) How does gender inequality lead to malnutrition in India?
Q3) What role does the Akshay Patra foundation play?
Q4) Where are the majority of the hungry people inhabited?
Q5) Which religious communities in India tend to be less malnourished?

Answers

A1) Poverty trap, lack of investment in agriculture, natural calamities, war and displacement, unstable markets, and food wastage are the major causes for the presence of hunger in the world.

A2) Women in India have low status because their diet often lacks quality and quantity. This causes them to suffer malnutrition.

A3) The Akshaya Patra Foundation runs the world’s largest NGO-run midday meal program serving freshly cooked meals to over 1.3 million schoolchildren in government and government-aided schools in India.

A4) Three-quarters of all hungry people live in rural areas, mainly in the villages of Asia and Africa.

A5) According to studies, individuals belonging to the Sikh or Christian communities are less malnourished than those from Hindu, Jain, or Muslim backgrounds.


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