Many disasters are happening, causing great loss to people and properties. However, we watch helplessly because governments are not interested in planning for anticipated disasters, despite spending large sums of money on various issues.
Poor disaster management fails to handle situations as they happen, but earlier preparation and effective management can reduce the negative outcomes.
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Trustworthy disaster management requires essential norms such as good training, the latest equipment, allocation of responsibilities, alertness, short-notice drills, a fast communication system, economic arrangements, an order of precedence based on the situation, security arrangements, adequate medical cover, rehabilitation when applicable, and standing orders for essential services such as transportation, food, supplies, and medicine.
It is necessary to establish independent teams for each anticipated disaster, according to the preparation and capacity of individuals, to empower them to tackle the situation with skill.
Natural and Accidental Disasters
Disasters can be broadly categorized as either natural or accidental.
Natural disasters are typically widespread and more severe, requiring significant preparations involving appropriate establishment and infrastructure.
Accidental disasters, on the other hand, require fewer preparations but require swift execution of rescue operations due to time constraints.
Natural Disasters Management
Earthquakes can cause immense destruction in just a few moments by shaking the earth and destroying houses. People and their belongings can’t be saved due to the suddenness of the event. Those living closer to the volcano’s eruption face even greater destruction. If a system is set up to warn people in advance about the occurrence and severity of an earthquake, they can take necessary precautions.
Having a pre-planned disaster management strategy for earthquakes with proper directions can reduce the loss of lives, animals, and properties. The strategy should focus on preparing people for disasters, providing timely relief in an organized manner, and educating them about earthquake-prone zones and preventive measures. For instance, building small houses with light materials and other techniques can withstand the violent shaking of the earth during an earthquake. Earthquakes are dreadful disaster that requires dedicated disaster management efforts to minimize its impact.
When an earthquake happens, people should quickly leave their homes, shout or warn their neighbors to do the same, and remain in open spaces until the earthquake subsides. Such safety measures could minimize the damage caused by earthquakes.
Another type of natural disaster that frequently occurs in various parts of the country is flooding. Unlike earthquakes, its effects can be prevented or reduced by taking advanced measures through disaster management. There are several ways to control floods, such as immediately informing people when rivers start to overflow, providing safer places for them to move to, and establishing flood relief and disaster management teams with specific duties.
The flood relief and disaster management teams must have well-trained and qualified individuals who can evacuate people from flood-affected areas easily and promptly. They should carry out rescue operations in a proactive and demonstrative manner to save as many lives and property as possible.
In recent times, the country has faced other natural disasters such as drought, forest fires, landslides, epidemics, famines, etc. In the future, disaster management teams can help those affected, save property, and protect the environment from the impacts of these calamities.
Accidental Disasters Management
In our country, there have been various accidental events leading to significant disasters. These include airplane and bus accidents, mine explosions, mishandling of ammunition scraps causing explosions, accidents during the handling and disposal of nuclear substances, hijacking, etc. Disaster management forces should be established to handle such situations and rescue people and materials as soon as possible.
In developed countries like America, Britain, France, etc, disaster management is already being taught in schools and universities to train and equip students to handle emergency situations. Other countries should follow suit and introduce disaster management education to empower their citizens to face and overcome difficulties during disasters.
In fact, students should be prepared through training and practice to gain confidence in dealing with emergency situations in real life. In today’s world, it is essential to have preventive measures and sufficient disaster management forces to tackle the increasing number of disasters caused by scientific advancements.
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