India is known as the land of festivals because of its cultural diversity, faith, and religious beliefs among people of different religions.
Diwali is the biggest and one of the most famous and light-hearted festivals which is celebrated by billions of people.
Why is Diwali celebrated?
Diwali is celebrated in the month of October and November, 20 days after the festival of Dussehra. It is known as the festival of lights, a widely celebrated festival by Hindus.
There is a history behind the festival of Diwali. As per Hindu mythology, Lord Rama was the avatar of the God Vishnu. Lord Rama was the son of Dashratha, the ruler of Ayodhya. Lord Rama was a great warrior king but due to the conspire of his stepmother, his father Dashratha asked him to go on a fourteen-year exile. Being a faithful son Lord Rama aptly agreed to it. Both his wife Sita and brother Lakshman stood by him and went with him to the forest.
During the end of their exile Ravana, the powerful king of Lanka heard of Sita’s beauty. He kidnapped her and took her to Lanka. For this reason, Rama and Lakshman went to Lanka to bring back Sita. They were accompanied by the greatest devotee of Lord Rama, Hanuman. Lord Rama defeated Ravana and brought back his wife. After this victory, Rama, Sita and Lakshman got back to Ayodhya and their people gave them a fabulous greeting by lighting the entire Ayodhya with rows of clay lamps and by firing crackers. Thus, this event denotes the honour of Lord Rama’s victory over Ravana; the triumph of Good over Evil.
These days people celebrate Diwali with a similar spirit. Most people are busy cleaning and decorating their houses 15 days before Diwali. People buy and wear new clothes on this day. In the evening people light up their homes with tube lights, clay lamps known as Diya and candles to destroy evil and welcome God and Goddesses. Sky candles are also used to brighten the beauty of homes.
As per the Hindu religious belief, Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, may visit their houses and bestow prosperity. Due to this belief, Hindus worship Lakshmi, light candles and diyas at the entrance of their homes and leave their doors open to welcome the goddess.
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