Gandhi Jayanti is one of the most famous and light-hearted occasions celebrated by billions of people. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on the 2nd of October every year in India.
It is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm throughout India for the birth of Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi Jayanti is officially one of the national holidays in India.
On 15 June 2007, it was declared the International Day of Non-Violence by the United Nations General Assembly.
Importance of Gandhi Jayanti
Mahatma Gandhi was born at Porbandar in the Kathiawar district of Gujarat in 1869. In South Africa, he saw racial discrimination and soon turned into the leader of a struggle against racist authorities in the country. He shaped the Natal Indian Congress to fight against the racist policies of the South African government. It was here that the unique strategy of Satyagraha developed.
Satyagraha of Mahatma Gandhi was based on truth and peacefulness. Mahatma Gandhi got back to India in January 1915 and made a broad visit through the country in the following three years. In 1917 and 1918, he was engaged in three critical struggles in Champaran (Bihar), Ahmedabad and Kheda in Gujarat.
At Champaran in Bihar, the workers were bound by law to grow indigo on 3/20 parts of their land. They were forced to sell indigo at fixed rates which were very low to European planters. The indigo cultivators welcomed Mahatma Gandhi to investigate their tragedies and take up their goal. Mahatma Gandhi offered Satyagraha because of which an enquiry was requested into the agonies of indigo cultivators.
In Ahmedabad, Mahatma Gandhi gave leadership to the mill workers in a strike against mill owners who would not pay higher wages to the workers. He went on a hunger strike. Finally, the mill owner had to bow down and consented to give a 35% hike in salaries to the workers.
In 1918, the harvests failed in Kheda, and the ranchers were not in that frame of mind to pay land revenues to the government. They requested the government to waive their revenues, however, their supplications went unheard. Mahatma Gandhi took up the reason for the Kheda farmers and offered Satyagraha. At long last, the government had to investigate their requests and arrived at a settlement with the farmers.
Mahatma Gandhi’s principle of non-violence was set down on the rule that no sort of injury ought to be caused either by words or by activity. Gandhi believed that peacefulness is a positive and dynamic power. He focused on the use of the charkha and khadi.
Mahatma Gandhi made the Indian National Movement a mass development. He gave leadership to the majority who followed him irrespective of their caste, class or religious contrasts.
Congress launched the Non-Cooperation Movement but Mahatma Gandhi suspended the movement because of the incident which happened at Chauri Chaura in Uttar Pradesh. This incident stunned Gandhi as he wanted to gain freedom by following the strategies of non-violence.
In 1931, Mahatma Gandhi launched the Civil Disobedience Movement. Simon Commission was the main factor which led to the starting of the Civil Disobedience Movement. The Civil Disobedience Movement began with Mahatma Gandhi with the Dandi March.
Gandhi Jayanti Celebrations
Students and teachers of schools and colleges, and government officials celebrate Gandhi Jayanti in various creative ways. In New Delhi, Raj Ghat is the cineration place of Gandhi decorated with flowers and garlands. Statues of Mahatma Gandhi are also decorated with flowers and garlands all over India. We celebrate Gandhi Jayanti to remember Mahatma Gandhi and his great deeds. Students perform various tasks on Gandhi Jayanti such as poem or speech recitation, essay writing, drama play, slogan writing, etc on the basis of the life and great works of Mahatma Gandhi.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
Where was Gandhiji born?
Mahatma Gandhi was born at Porbandar in the Kathiawar district of Gujarat in 1869.
Where did Mahatma Gandhi practice law?
Mahatma Gandhi practized law in South Africa, from 1893 to 1914.
What is the concept of Satyagraha?
Satyagraha of Mahatma Gandhi was based on truth and peacefulness. Mahatma Gandhi’s principle of non-violence was set down on the rule that no sort of injury ought to be caused either by words or by activity. Gandhi believed that peacefulness is a positive and dynamic power.
When did Gandhi die and how?
On 30 January 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Vinayak Godse while walking to his prayer meeting on the lawn of the Birla House compound in Delhi.
Why do we Celebrate Gandhi Jayanti?
It is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm throughout India for the birth of Mahatma Gandhi.
When do we celebrate Gandhi Jayanti?
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on the 2nd of October every year in India.