Deepavali is the biggest and one of the most famous and light-hearted festivals celebrated by billions of people. It is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm throughout India and by also Indians in foreign countries.
Deepavali marks the victory of good over evil. It becomes the symbol of unity.
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Essay on Deepavali
India is renowned as the land of festivals due to its cultural diversity and the religious beliefs of its people from different faiths. One of the most widely celebrated and joyous festivals in India is Deepavali, also known as Diwali or the Festival of Lights. Celebrated by billions of people, Deepavali holds a special place in the hearts of Hindus. This festival, which falls in the months of October or November, takes place twenty days after the festival of Dussehra and signifies the triumph of good over evil.
The origins of Deepavali can be traced back to Hindu mythology. As per Hindu mythology, Lord Rama, an incarnation of the God Vishnu, was the son of King Dashratha of Ayodhya. Lord Rama, a noble warrior king, was forced into a fourteen-year exile by a conspiracy hatched by his stepmother. Remaining a devoted son, Lord Rama accepted the exile and was accompanied by his wife Sita and his brother Lakshman into the forest.
Towards the end of their exile, Ravana, the powerful king of Lanka, heard of Sita’s exceptional beauty and abducted her, taking her to Lanka. In order to rescue Sita, Lord Rama and Lakshman embarked on a mission to Lanka, with the assistance of Hanuman, Lord Rama’s greatest devotee. Lord Rama eventually defeated Ravana and successfully rescued his wife. Upon their return to Ayodhya, the people of the kingdom warmly welcomed them by illuminating the entire city with rows of clay lamps and setting off fireworks. This grand celebration symbolized Lord Rama’s victory over Ravana and the ultimate triumph of good over evil.
In contemporary times, people continue to celebrate Deepavali with the same fervor. In the weeks leading up to the festival, individuals engage in thorough cleaning and decorating of their homes. It is customary to wear new clothes on this auspicious day. As the evening descends, households are illuminated with tube lights, clay lamps called Diyas, and candles, symbolizing the dispelling of darkness and the welcoming of divine energies. According to Hindu beliefs, Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth, is believed to visit homes and bless them with prosperity. Consequently, Hindus worship Lakshmi, light candles and diyas at their doorsteps, and leave their doors open to welcome the goddess.
Deepavali is a joyous occasion that brings people together. Families and friends exchange visits, and various homemade sweets are prepared and shared among loved ones. Greetings, gifts, and dry fruits are exchanged, and the festival strengthens bonds of kinship and friendship.
However, it is important to acknowledge certain drawbacks associated with the celebrations. Careless handling of firecrackers can lead to accidents and cause harm to both individuals and property. The smoke and noise from fireworks contribute to health problems and pollution. Consequently, the government advises caution and encourages the use of environmentally friendly alternatives, such as sky lanterns, instead of firecrackers.
Deepavali is a festival that unifies the entire nation. It is a day of festivity that symbolizes the victory of good over evil. Deepavali instills belief in the power of righteousness and marks a day of happiness, joy, and the triumph of light over darkness. This extraordinary celebration is observed with great enthusiasm in every town, city, and even by the Indian diaspora in foreign countries. Throughout thousands of years, India has cherished and continues to celebrate this cherished festival, making it a symbol of unity and cultural heritage.