Developed countries like the USA, UK, and France have introduced disaster management subjects in schools and universities to train and equip students to handle emergency situations.
India needs to follow a similar education system to prepare all citizens to face and fight difficulties effectively during disasters.
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In this post, we present you with a brilliant essay on disaster management in India.
Disaster Management in India Essay (1100+ Words)
Disasters can cause significant loss of life and property, but often we are not prepared to handle them. The Indian government spends money on various issues but lacks planning for expected disasters.
Effective disaster management is necessary to handle the situation during and after the disaster. This can be achieved through good training, advanced equipment, defined responsibilities, preparedness drills, fast communication systems, financial arrangements, security measures, medical aid, rehabilitation plans, and standing orders for essential services.
Teams should be created for each anticipated disaster, considering their preparation and ability to handle the situation with expertise.
Natural disasters cause widespread destruction and require significant preparations and infrastructure. Accidental disasters require less preparation, but timely rescue operations are crucial.
Earthquakes can cause massive destruction in a matter of seconds, leaving people and their belongings helpless. People near the epicenter face greater devastation. Early warning systems can help people take necessary precautions to save themselves and their belongings.
If there had been a preplanned approach or disaster management strategy for earthquakes with early warnings, there would have been a lower loss of lives, animals, and properties by providing timely and effective rescue operations. Earthquakes are terrible disasters.
India needs a dedicated disaster management system that ensures people are prepared for any disaster, relief is provided promptly and in an organized manner, and they are informed about earthquake-prone areas and taught to take preventive measures such as constructing lightweight houses and other techniques to withstand the impact of an earthquake.
When people notice an earthquake, they should immediately evacuate their homes and alert their neighbors to do the same. They should stay under the open sky until the earthquake subsides. These safety measures could significantly reduce the loss of life and property during such disasters.
In recent years, there have been devastating earthquakes in various parts of India, such as Latur-Killhari in Maharashtra, Bhuj, and adjacent regions in Gujarat, and Uttarkashi and Tehri Garhwal. These earthquakes strike suddenly and cause tremendous damage. Despite many people struggling for their lives, there was no immediate or planned rescue operation. If there had been preplanning or disaster management for earthquakes, there would have been fewer human and animal casualties and less property damage.
Floods are another type of calamity that occurs in different parts of India. Unlike earthquakes, floods can be prevented or their impact can be reduced through prior disaster management measures. There are various ways to control floods. The team tasked with managing this disaster should have a plan to inform people immediately when rivers begin to rise above the danger level, enabling them to move to safer areas.
The responsibilities assigned to flood relief and disaster management teams should include activities such as constructing barriers to prevent overflow during the rainy season, distributing river water through canals for irrigation to reduce water levels, and planting trees to prevent soil erosion along riverbanks.
Floods cause destruction and loss of life and property in many areas. A disaster management team with well-trained and qualified personnel should be formed to evacuate people from affected regions quickly and efficiently. The rescue operation should be carried out in a prompt and effective manner to save as many lives and belongings as possible.
In recent times, our country has experienced various natural disasters like drought, forest fires, landslides, epidemics, famine, etc. Disaster management teams can be formed to help affected people, save property, and protect forests’ green cover in case these disasters occur in the future.
India has also experienced various accidental occurrences, leading to massive disasters like airplane and bus accidents, mine blasts, explosions due to mishandling of ammunition scraps, accidents during the handling and disposal of nuclear substances, hijacking, etc. Disaster management forces need to be set up to manage such situations and rescue people and materials promptly.
Developed countries like the USA, UK, and France have introduced disaster management subjects in schools and universities to train and equip students to handle emergency situations. India needs to follow a similar education system to prepare all citizens to face and fight difficulties effectively during disasters.
Students should be trained and prepared through practice and drills to handle situations with confidence in real life. Adequate disaster management forces are necessary to tackle emergency situations as disasters are increasing due to scientific advancements’ virtual effects.
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