India is known as the land of festivals because of its cultural diversity, faith, and religious beliefs among people of different religions.


Deepawali is the biggest and one of the most famous and light-hearted festivals celebrated by billions of people. It is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm throughout India and by also Indians in foreign countries. It is known as the festival of lights which is a widely celebrated festival by Hindus. Deepawali is celebrated in the month of October and November, 20 days after the festival of Dussehra. Deepawali marks the victory of good over evil.

Deepawali Essay in English

Story of Deepawali

There is a history behind the festival of Deepawali. As per Hindu mythology, Lord Rama was the avatar of God Vishnu. Lord Rama was the son of Dashratha, the ruler of Ayodhya. Lord Rama was a great warrior king but due to the conspire of his stepmother, his father Dashratha asked him to go on a fourteen-year exile. Being a faithful son Lord Rama aptly agreed to it. Both his wife Sita and brother Lakshman stood by him and went with him to the forest.

During the end of their exile Ravana, the powerful king of Lanka heard of Sita’s beauty. He kidnapped her and took her to Lanka. For this reason, Rama and Lakshman went to Lanka to bring back Sita. They were accompanied by the greatest devotee of Lord Rama, Hanuman. Lord Rama defeated Ravana and brought back his wife. After this victory, Rama, Sita and Lakshman got back to Ayodhya and their people gave them a fabulous greeting by lighting the entire Ayodhya with rows of clay lamps and by firing crackers. Thus, this event denotes the honour of Lord Rama’s victory over Ravana; the victory of Good over Evil.

Deepawali Celebration

These days people celebrate Deepawali with a similar spirit. Most people are busy cleaning and decorating their houses 15 days before Deepawali. People buy and wear new clothes on this day. In the evening people light up their homes with tube lights, clay lamps known as Diya and candles to destroy evil and welcome God and Goddesses. As per the Hindu religious belief, Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, may visit their houses and bestow prosperity. Due to this belief, Hindus worship Lakshmi, light candles and diyas at the entrance of their homes and leave their doors open to welcome the goddess.

People greatly enjoy Deepawali with joy and enthusiasm. Deepawali is a lovely festival that makes people come closer to their dear ones. On this day, various sweets are made at home and distributed among friends and relatives. People invite their near and dear ones. People also visit their relatives and friends and exchange gifts and dry fruits.

Drawbacks of Deepawali

This celebration has specific drawbacks also, because of carelessness, the people are harmed by bursting crackers. Sometimes fire breaks out and causes a lot of damage to life and property. Also, the smoke and noise can cause health problems and increase pollution levels. People are advised by the government to be cautious and also avoid using crackers and instead use sky candles.


Deepawali is the festival of the whole country. It is the day of festivity of the victory of good over evil. Deepawali generates belief in good deeds and marks a day of happiness, joy, and the end of evilness. It is celebrated with extraordinary enthusiasm in each town and city of India and by also Indians in foreign countries. It becomes the symbol of unity. India has been celebrating this festival for thousands of years and continues to celebrate it even today.

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